The Australian Share Market A Brief Summary of a Global Economy

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The Australian Share Market A Brief Summary of a Global Economy
But, it can also be very rewarding to the patient investor who is willing to learn the skills necessary to cash in on the markets.Remember that investing in whatever global stock market can be a risky task. Based on the Global Stock Market Review by Standard and Poor’s, Australia’s stock exchange is the 9th largest worldwide in total market capitalisation terms and the 2nd largest in the Asia-Pacific region, after Japan’s.Strategies and outlook as of April 2010, the Australian share market is now 1 year on from the turn in the markets as the potential financial disaster was averted as well as domestic economy started its recovery. Certainly, Australia has one of the strongest economies across the world in keeping with the present major players. Stock Analysts possess the experience and training to more accurately predict likely activity on the Australian share market. The market has re-rated back to its long-term valuation, contingent on a recovery in earnings of 20% in the 2011 financial year.

Sydney’s timezone offers companies the unique opportunity to make the most of the full trading day in Asia while also bridging the closing in the American markets and the opening of the European markets. Since the 6 March 2009, the Australian share market rose by 27.3% through June 30, and the US share market by 34.9% in local currency terms. The Australian Securities Exchange (ASX) based in Sydney is the first major market to open internationally each day. Its ability to withstand quite a lot of external and internal events, including a major drought, a housing boom and the Asian financial and economic crises also demonstrate the depth and liquidity of the Australian share market.Comprehending the Australian Share Market

Sensex 12000?12800?13000… What To Do?

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Sensex 12000?12800?13000… What To Do?
It is time for review when we see an all time high in the market. There is fear that the market will collapse, is this rally genuine? There is lurking desire that the best is yet to come. Then there are those who never invested in the market, seeing the prosperity of the market they would wish to be part of the action. The question that is posed by most investors is what do I do?

Let us first understand what the rise in index signifies. Index as a statistical formula is the weighted average of the market capitalization of selected stocks. Stocks are selected on basis of certain criteria such as liquidity i.e. number of shares traded per day, number of shareholders, company performance i.e. profits and divided payment, corporate governance, size of capital etc. Care is taken to ensure that majority of the industries are represented in the index. Market capitalization (cap) is nothing but the total shares the company has issued multiplied by the current price of the share. For eg if a company has issued 100,000 shares and the current price per share is Rs. 1,000 then the market cap is 100,000 x 1,000 i.e. 10,00,00,000 ie Rs.10 crores.

Taking a simple average of the share prices is not enough, since the market cap varies of each company (depending of size of capital) it is necessary to assign weights, i.e. company with higher issued capital will get a higher weight. Hence weighted average price of all shares is taken for the purpose of calculation. Obviously, increase in price of Reliance will impact the index more than say a smaller company such as Cipla. Another important concept is free float index. Since not all shares are available for trading, to the extent that the shares are in lock-in or held by promoters, the share capital is reduced by such number of shares. This thus makes the index totally liquid. It should not so happen that the index keeps going up or down without trading or liquidity.

Index is always computed with reference to a base year. The change in share prices is as compared to share prices prevailing at a particular point of time. In case of Sensex the base year is 1978 and in case of Nifty it is 1995. The base index was 100 for Sensex and 1000 for Nifty. Adjustment is made in the share price for corporate actions such as splits, bonus dividends etc. Companies such as Tisco, ACC and Grasim have been part of index since inception. Prices of these shares have grown by about 128 times since inception during last 28 years, since the Sensex has grown from 100 to 12800.

The Sensex which is the most popular index is owned by BSE Ltd and has 30 stocks in it, whereas the most frequently traded index, Nifty 50 tracked on National Stock Exchange has 50 stocks. There are many more indices such as BSE 100, BSE 500, Tech Index, Mid cap index etc. Newspapers also have identified certain stocks and they are also have devised certain indices and are regularly computed. Index is computed every few seconds when the share prices keep changing. The companies that form part of index are also reviewed periodically and advance notice is given when a company is removed or added to the list. Sectoral indices indicate how a particular sector performs on the market.

Some people ask as to what happens to all the wealth that is created when it goes up and vice versa! Well, both the creation and destruction of so called wealth with market movements is only notional till someone actually encashes it, and no body can buy or sell the whole market at one shot. Your wealth will increase proportionately only if you own shares that are part of the index in same proportion. Further even if you own other share it may not go up in same proportion as index. A 10% appreciation in index does not translate to 10% increase in each and every stock. The increase will be determined by weightage. Some shares will appreciate more than the others.

Index is said to be an indicator of the economic health of the country. Unfortunately since very few industries are represented on the exchange this statement is not true. Important sectors that contribute to the GDP of the country are not listed. Transport sector companies such as Indian Railways, Air India, Indian Airlines, National Highway authority ports etc are not traded on the exchanges. Insurance companies such as LIC, GIC and its subsidiaries are not listed. Mineral sector is not represented. Banks continue to have a large shareholding by Reserve Bank and Government of India. The list goes on. Hence Index can at best represent the collective sentiment of Indian investors towards the economy.

A review should happen when the market reaches all time high. The sentiment is most positive at such times, hence you may get a good price for your share if the growth story associated with your share has been achieved and you have reached your targets. It is not advisable to sell off just because the index is all time high, your share may still be under valued. At the same time despite a sustained increase if your company share has failed to appreciate, then a hard look at company performance is warranted. If the share cannot perform in a very positive environment then it is difficult to do so in normal times.

For newcomers it is a good strategy to stick to index stocks since there is a reasonable certainty about the liquidity, quality of management and financial performance of the company. However entry into such shares should always be in correction phase. An all time high index is not an entry point. A correction is a good time to enter. There is nothing like missed opportunity. The zigzag graph that we see of index signifies that there are constant corrections in the market and straight lines are few and far between.

If you are unclear which stocks to buy then index is a good bet. You can buy index in derivatives market. Index futures as well as options are available. Nifty Futures is a highly liquid instrument that is available on National Stock Exchange. If you expect the market to go up then you can buy nifty in futures or a call option on nifty. If you expect the market to go down then a nifty can be sold in future or you can buy a put option. But to revert to the first point of review when the market is all time high, what do I do? Well it is an occasion to celebrate, but any action taken of buy or sell should be based on review of company valuations and future prospects.

Trading Stocks Using The Rsi Indicator

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The RSI (short for Relative Strength Index) is a popular technical indicator with traders and investors because it is quite effective at showing overbought and oversold positions in a particular security. But how effective is it in reality and can it really be relied upon to trade stocks with any accuracy?

Well as with any technical indicator it should not really be used in isolation because it is only one indicator, but on the whole the RSI indicator is quite effective at indicating both overvalued and undervalued stock positions. There are, however, times when it is more effective than others.

For example, from an investment point of view an RSI that is indicating an overbought position, ie over the 70 level, doesn’t really mean too much when a share is strongly trending upwards because it could easily pull back slightly before accelerating even further ahead and becoming even more overbought. However an oversold RSI, ie below 30, on a bullish share that’s trending strongly upwards often acts as an excellent entry point.

Similarly when a stock is trending downwards you should be very careful about oversold RSI signals because just look at the recent market and you will see that prices have dropped substantially despite all the oversold RSI signals we saw on the way down. In a bearish market it’s a better strategy to look for overbought positions in weak stocks that are in a strong downwards trend and take short positions.

Overall I think RSI is a very useful technical indicator in general but it can be rendered useless in the face of a strong trend. If you are looking to catch the bottom of a stock you’re interested in buying that’s in a strong downwards trend, your best bet is probably to consult the longer term weekly or monthly charts. That’s because if the RSI is oversold on these time frames, then it’s a better more reliable signal than an oversold position on the daily charts. It also provides a better entry point for anyone looking to invest in a company for the long-term rather than a few weeks or months.

Of course you should also look at the fundamentals of the company in question as well including the financial accounts and earnings forecasts, PE ratios, etc, because you may find the RSI is oversold because the company is going bust so the price will fall even further. However once you’ve identified a good quality profit-enhancing company, the RSI can provide you with a strong entry point when in oversold territory, particularly if the stock is in an upwards trend.

Retail Is For Stockpickers

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Since September 2004, the S&P Retail Index has been caught in a sideways consolidation channel at between 400 and 500, unable to establish a sustainable trend in one direction or the other. During that time, the monthly retail numbers have been largely mixed. But in January, the retail data (excluding auto) was impressive, showing growth of 2.20% versus the estimate of 0.8%. It was the strongest reading in years.

Yet the initial optimism appears to be fading after seeing mixed reports from the nation?s retailers on Thursday. The early data suggests that same-store sales growth will be sub par compared to what we saw in January.

The reading in January may have been an aberration because of warmer than expected temperatures. The surfacing of cold weather in February apparently sent a chill through the pocketbooks of consumers. Also, the strong January sales may have taken away from spending in February.

The reality is the absence of a positive trend in retail makes investing in retail stocks more of a risk. You need to pick the right company. Even bellwether stocks such as Wal-Mart Stores (WMT) are struggling as far as its share price in spite of some decent sales results and same-store sales growth. But the current valuation deserves a look.

Youth oriented clothes retailer Gap (GPS) is a company that is clearly struggling at the cash register. Its February same-store sales crashed 11% year-over-year, well above the Street estimate calling for a decline of 6.80%. This followed on the heels of an 11% decline in the company?s Q4 earnings along with a FY07 forecast that was short of Wall Street expectations.

GAP expects comparable-store sales to be negative in the first half and turn moderately positive for the remainder of the year. Same-store sales are widely viewed as the best indicator of a retailer’s health.

For investors, GAP is clearly a turnaround play that could pay off if it can somehow figure out how to attract shoppers. The fact is the company has great brand awareness and this counts for something in this brand conscious world we live in.

On the upside, you have a company like Best Buy (BBY), a dominant market leader in consumer electronics. The stock is just below its 52-week high, up 69% from its yearly low.

The reality is retail spending may be impacted by the higher financing costs associated with the rising debt loads across America. The personal savings rate is declining and was negative in January. Consumers are eating into their savings and you know this cannot be good for retail.

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